Igcse Islamiyat Revision NotesO Level Islamiyat Revision Notes

(Prophet Muhammad’s Life (Birth to Prophet hood)

Prophet Muhammad (P.b.u.h) was born on 12th Rabi-ul – Awal, 570 AD (year of elephant). His father Abdullah son of Abdul Mutalib, died six months before his birth. His mother was Aminah bint wahab. Haalima Saadia took him to a village and he returned at the age of six, and soon her mother also died. Back in Makkah prophet’s grandfather, Abdul Mutalib took his custody, but he died two years later. Now the prophet’ s uncle Abu Talib took his care and trained him as a shephered.

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“Did He not find you an orphan and gave you shelter”

“No prophet was sent by Allah who was not a shepherd”

Once, the prophet (P.b.u.h) was accompanying his uncle on a trade journey to Syria. When on their way they met a Christian Monk Bahira. Bahira recognized in the prophet, signs of prophet hood and he cautioned his uncle Abu Talib to take good care of him.



When the prophet was 15 years old, a sacrilegious war broke down between the Quraish and Hawazin tribe.

The prophet (P.b.u.h) accompanied his uncles in this war – but he had no major role in them apart from collecting arrows thrown by the enemy and handling them over to his uncles.


It was the first armed conflict that he witnessed

Loving temperament

Devoled a very strong and lastind dislike for war

Gained military experience and leadership role.


Harb Al Fazul:

After this war a commette was formed in Makkah to prevent further blood shed .

Prophet (P.b.u.h) was not only present but actively participated.

He is reported to have said:

“I was present at the house of Abdullah bin Judah at so excellent Pact that I would not exchange my part in it for a herd of red camels; and if now in Islam, I were summoned into it I would gladily respond.”


Marriage To Khadija (595 Ad):

During his early years the prophet (P.b.u.h) came to be known as Al Sadiq and Al Amin – honest and entrusted. In such times, a widow trader, Hazrat Khadija needed a trust worthy person to carry her goods to Syria.

She heard of the good character of the prophet and decided to hire him. She sent her slave Maisra along on the trade expedition and when they returned not just had the prophet (P.b.u.h) made huge profits, but Maisra spoke a lot good about the prophet (P.b.u.h).

Hazrat Khadija was so impressed that she sent a marriage proposal to the prophet, which he accepted although she was 15 years older than the prophet (P.b.u.h).

They both were blessed with Ruqayya, Zainab, Umm khultum, Fatima and two sons both died in infancy.



Hazrat Khadija was a loyal, loving and devoted wife.

She supported Prophet and was always a moral support for him.

Islam owes its success more to her than any other person during its days of trial and persecution.

The marriage freed prophet Muhammad (P.b.u.h) from financial worries.



Fixing Of The Black Stone:

Later once when the Kabbah was being rebuilt, the issue of fixing the black stone aroused.

Every body wanted to have this prestigious task and none was willing to compromise, so much so that bloodshed was feared.

In such a hostile situation an elderly man suggested that anybody who entered the Kabbah first would make the decision.

Fortunately it was Prophet Muhammad (P.b.u.h).

He laid the stone on a sheet and told the leaders of all the tribes to hold the sheet from each corner and lift it up.

When the stone reached the desired level, the prophet picked the stone and placed it on its position, thus he prevented bloodshed.

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  1. Thanks, this really helped me a lot…an effective way to get the learners to learn different topics.

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